Your Garden's Microclimate

The garden microclimate is the small climate that exists on your block and around your home. You will live in an area with a specific climate of rainfall temperature extremes. Buildings, fences and large trees and shrubs will all influence the climate in your garden to make microclimates.

The microclimate of any garden depends on the rainfall, temperature range, light, heat, shade, humidity, wind, slope, position of nearby structures and ground cover.

To make your garden and planting water efficient you should make use of the microclimates. Modify them if necessary and match the correct plants to the conditions.

If you choose plants that suit all the different microclimates on your block they will grow much better and their water needs will be reduced. Because they are growing well and not under stress they will need much less attention and you will have more time to enjoy your garden.

Understanding some of the reasons for your microclimates and how they work can help make your planning a success and make your garden much more water efficient. You can influence and change a number of the features of the microclimate and use them to your advantage when planting and designing.

In Brief

  • Discover all the microclimates on your block and choose plants to suit.
  • Less heat, more shade and more wind protection will save water in the garden.
  • Plants chosen to match microclimates will be healthier, easier to maintain and have reduced water needs.
  • Modify the microclimates around your house to make the area more water efficient.
  • Position plants, structures and garden beds on slopes to prevent run-off and water wastage.
  • Improve soil conditions for better water penetration.
  • Use walls, buildings and pergolas to create useful microclimates.