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Construction of the Hunter's First Water Supply

In the early 1880's, the rapidly increasing population of Newcastle and surrounds needed a safer and more reliable source of drinking water.  Locals gathered water from rainwater tanks, wells, and creeks. The creek and groundwater sources became increasingly polluted from poor sanitation. Designed by William Clark, an English hydraulic engineer, the NSW Government commenced construction of the Walka Water Supply System in 1882. The scheme was complete by 1887 at a cost of £170,000.